Motorists in Kentucky might be interested in understanding more about the types of shoulder trauma that result from a car accident. The shoulder is constructed of an arm bone, collar bone, shoulder blade and three joints held together by soft issue. The impact sustained in a crash may be strong enough to shatter the collar bone or shoulder blade of some vehicle occupants. The main types of shoulder injuries include soft-tissue injuries, dislocations and fractures.
Dislocations often include a separated shoulder, which describes the collar bone joint, the ball and socket joint of the shoulder or there could be a disconnection between the collar bone and breastbone. Fractures typically pertain to the shoulder blade, the upper arm bone or the collar bone. Fractures may result from a forceful impact that is applied directly to the bone, similar to the force felt in a car collision or serious falling accident.
Anterior dislocation may also be caused by a direct blow, or if the arm is forced to twist in an outward motion while its above shoulder level. A shoulder separation may occur if a heavy objects falls onto the shoulder, or from overstraining while attempting to lift a heavy object. Deformities, severe pain and swelling are the most common symptoms indicating that a serious shoulder injury has occurred. In order to properly evaluate these injuries, physicians are typically required to use X-rays or some other type of imaging equipment.
People who suffer a serious shoulder injury in a car accident caused by another party often have extensive expenses. An attorney can review the details of the crash and help determine who is ultimately responsible. Potential damages can include repair costs, medical expenses and loss of income.
Source: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, “Shoulder Trauma (Fractures and Dislocations)”, accessed on Feb. 7, 2015